The child responds from birth to the stimuli of the outside world. That surrounds him and the response varies according to the intensity of the stimulus, and the extent of its influence on the child.
Fear is if it is expressed by a combination of movements, shouting, colour changes, pupil dilation, and rapid heartbeat. That is associated with sudden danger. These physical responses are nothing but the child’s efforts to get rid of a stimulus. That hurts him or threatens his life.
Fear in the child begins in the form of a deep fear manifested in the features of the face in general. Followed by shivering and screaming accompanied by internal organic changes. Which ultimately leads to trembling of the lips and stuttering in speech. A building or demolishing a personality may lead to the dispersion of mental energy directed towards a goal. As it may direct the individual to the right path and ward off harmful forces.
Research has indicated that a child who has not been exposed to external stimuli. As other children are exposed, does not show fear in the dark. If he comes into contact with some animals, birds, or even anthropomorphic objects. The disappearance of what is based on it, and if another stimulus such as darkness, an animal or fire is combined with one of these two stimuli, fear will result in all successive occasions if this conjunction is repeated several times – and fear, in this case, is called (conditional emotional responses) – and fear of the dog becomes fear Who barked before the fear of being bitten
Thus, we explain the child’s feeling of fear when he is left alone for the first time in the dark, for it is not the darkness that causes fear, but the real reason is the child’s feeling of separation and loneliness that is often associated with darkness. Animal dolls to the child
Let’s take a child who grew up with a mother who closes the doors with a loud noise and speaks loudly. If her way is not pleasant in providing food to the child, then it is possible that she herself becomes a source of fear, especially at mealtime. This is why we find that some children accept food from their mothers and do not accept it from their nannies or vice versa. The baby is a person and kisses him while his prejudices are trembling in fear of another person.
At night, when the cause was removed and the parents settled the conflict between them, the situation improved healthy child has returned to its normal state However, there are other, more complex fears that arise in the child’s psyche and grow as he goes through the depths of family life The fear is mostly associated with people and the feelings that arise in the child’s soul towards these people The child is afraid when he feels neglected, he gets angry and may lead In it this is to hate, but rather to hatred. And this feeling of hatred or hatred may be very strong at times, as the child tends to hide it even from himself so that he can accept parental laws as a desire for love and peace.
Punishment plays a big role in fear if the child’s actions are not DesirableMore complex, it arises in the child’s psyche and grows as he goes through the middle of family life Fear is mostly related to people and the feelings that arise in the child’s soul towards these people The child is afraid when he feels that he is neglected and gets angry and this may lead him to hate and even to hatred This feeling may be With hate or hatred, it is very strong at times, as the child tends to hide it even from himself so that he can accept parental laws in the desire for love and peace Punishment plays a big role in fear if the child’s actions are unwantedMore complex, it arises in the child’s psyche and grows as he goes through the throes of family life Fear is mostly related to people and the feelings that arise in the child’s psyche towards these people.
The child is afraid when he feels neglected, he gets upset and gets angry, and this may lead him to hatred, but to hatred This feeling may be With hatred or hatred, it is very strong at times, as the child tends to hide it even from himself so that he can accept parental laws in the desire for love and peace Punishment plays a big role in fear if the child’s actions are unwantedThe child is frightened towards these people , so the child is afraid when he feels that he is neglected, then he gets upset and angry, and this may lead him to hatred and even abhorrence
This feeling of hatred or hatred may be very strong at times as the child tends to hide it even from himself so that he can accept the parental laws as desired In Love and Peace Punishment plays a big role in fear if the child’s actions are unwantedThe child is afraid of these people, so the child is afraid when he feels that he is neglected, then he gets upset and angry, and this may lead him to hatred and even to abhorrence. In Love and Peace, Punishment plays a big role in fear if the child’s actions are unwantedAccepting parental laws as a desire for love and peace Punishment plays a big role in fear if the child’s actions are unwantedAccepting parental laws as a desire for love and peace Punishment plays a big role in fear if the child’s actions are unwanted
And the fear of the pain of punishment and the person who inflicts it transmits to the child’s emotions and raging feelings, and he knows that they are forbidden to him. External that may not be harmful in itself. There is a ten-year-old child, for example, who is afraid of loneliness, although he is very careful in his behavior. He hastened without entering the kitchen, and from that situation his fear began and he could not stand to be alone because he wasHe sees hands stretching out from behind the doors and ghosts dancing in the room to terrify him, and upon research it turns out that the child’s father is an obedient master who has a method of discipline that he is proud of and he loves his children, especially this child who also admires his father.
TYPES OF FEAR.
The fears that afflict children are divided into two types according to the progress of the child’s development. The first type is simply related to the motive of maintaining survival and includes ordinary children’s fears that appear in daily life and are easy to notice, such as fear of the dark, animals and thieves.
Reassurance, which is the place in which dangers are expected to come, and this is called fear of the unknown Perhaps the child whistles while climbing the stairs in the dark a slight whistle or singing, does not do more than enhancing his sense of tranquillity and mankind as simple people do by removing the danger lurking in the dark by means of spells. The darkness of horror it becomes someone that the child is punished and the fear of darkness can be avoided by returning the child to sleep alone and the familiarity of darkness, where the state inherent in a quiet sleep is
Fear of animals, the police, doctors, and high places are all of the most common simple objective fears, and parents should know this in order to make it easier to overcome fear and become possible. However, it must be pointed out here that it is not permissible to push young people and involve them in situations that frighten them in order to help them overcome fear and fear related to real experiences in childhood may be necessary to preserve oneself and guide behaviour. Such fears lest they increase in severity and become a factor impeding activity Child
It is wise to encourage the child after experiencing one of the disturbing experiences to talk about it as he wishes so that it appears less strange and more familiar instead of burying it in the depths of himself, which will have a great impact in his future life and it is advisable for parents to refrain from mocking the child if he is afraid and accusing him of stupidity sometimes and to show To him that they appreciate his feelings and these negative feelings will not last for long
As for the second type of fear, it is related to the feeling of guilt in the child’s psyche as a result of his association with those responsible for directing his behaviour. In the child’s soul, a feeling of goodness can make his life suck and turn into a conscience that has burdensome demands. These stories feed the child’s imagination but it does not create him. He composes stories of his own free will and nature. Nevertheless, purifying the child’s imagination from frightening and terrifying things requires attention to his upbringing in the early years and his accustomed control of himself away from extreme rigor.
Imitation plays an important role in children’s fears 0 children do not imitate their parents in morals and social customs, but this extends to the emotional attitudes that children take regarding whatever situation they saw their parents in 0 The mother who is afraid of darkness, animals, or fire 00 etc. can leave these fears in her son A picture of models of behavior that the child imitates and simulates. Therefore, parents who suffer from some fears are advised not to show them in front of their children because it will be reflected and perhaps permanently in the child’s behavior while he is facing similar situations.
Many of the fears that the child may be exposed to are of the destructive kind that does not benefit him, but rather fragments his activity and paralyzes his effectiveness. The imitation here plays a big role in forming these fears as a result of the child’s relationship with his parents, as parents sometimes find that fear of feasible methods of imposing obedience and carrying out orders. However, this is not a correct basis for controlling the child’s behavior. Rather, such experiences may leave behind scars and negative effects on the child’s behavior that may be difficult to get rid of.
It is very easy for fear to become a tyrant lurking in the child’s mind if we follow the hint and suggest to him that he may be exposed to danger. Many parents do not hesitate to warn their children and warn them to adopt some kind of activity and refrain from others so that it does not affect them to adopt some kind of activity and refrain from Change it so that they are not hurt and the child gets used to hearing specific phrases such as:
Do not climb the tree lest it falls, the beggar will kidnap you if you go out – if you eat sweets you will get sick – your mother will leave you alone if you are unkind and other expressions of intimidation This warning may be a temporary means of discipline, but it does not have a good effect in instilling good behaviour 0 Many children quickly discover the falsity of these warnings and act upon them as if they are not.
Although fear is a useful means sometimes in controlling the child temporarily, it is good for parents to be sure that their children are able – with their own experience – to discover deception and threats on their part is clear evidence On their weakness and lack of knowledge in dealing with situations frankly and positively in the interest of parents and sons.
Let parents remember that they have not attached the element of fear to some situations, people or things with the aim of frightening or terrorizing the child, because they do not only inflict a great injustice on him but in that they destroy his trust in his parents. The child’s senses that parents must take care of and preserve
Fear is an emotion that can be easily aroused by various means and methods, and it has far-reaching effects on parents to warn them and try to avoid them at all times.
In fact, the child’s attitude towards punishment should not be based on indifference on the one hand, or panic and fear on the other side. If the child is not aware of his family’s indignation for his misbehavior in a situation, then he is a person in which it is difficult to have values and habits that lead him to harmony or social adjustment
It is worth noting that caution is nothing but a kind of fear that is necessary and inherent in success. Whenever a child introduces a new experience, he is required to have some kind of fear that manifests itself in many types of suspicion and caution, like that of adults who expect failure and may reach a degree that prevents the achievement of his goals and leads to disappointment
Many of the fears that young people feel are not objective, meaning they are related to visual or audible things, but rather result mostly from the child’s imagination and self-perceptions. There is no ambiguity in it, even though it is the creation of his imagination, so he is afraid of it and terrified as if it were in physical reality and this type appears when the child hears a terrifying story that takes place in the dark about disasters and miracles.
Which he heard and connects it with the loneliness and darkness that surrounds him terror and panic, and he comes out of his bed amid crying and screaming. It is known that fear of the dark does not begin until the age of three years of age unless the child was exposed to a terrifying experience in the dark before that. The future of the child’s emotional life is limited.
From all the above about fear, we can conclude the following:
1- Fear of the natural appearances of all children, and it is desirable if it is within reasonable limits, as it can be used as a way to protect the child from accidents that he may be exposed to. In various ways and as quickly as possible
2- It is generally noticed that the percentage of fear among females is more than that of males, meaning that females are more fearful than males and the intensity of fear varies according to the intensity of the child’s imagination as the intensity of fear is directly proportional to the intensity of the imagination So the more imaginative the child the more fear The child’s experiences in situations with things, his repeated encounter with them and his friction with his peers of children gradually reduce the fear of these situations and things until he becomes familiar with them and adapts to them.
3- The research of Jersild ( AT Jersild ) and Holmes ( 1935.FBHolmes ) indicates that the child’s fears are affected by his level of maturity and stages of development. Then this fear develops at the end of his fourth year into a clear and intense fear
FRHagmen’s studies ( 1932.FRHagmen ) confirm that the fear triggers of a child between two and six years of his life are manifested in fear of past painful experiences such as fear of treating doctors, fear of strange things such as animals that the child is not accustomed to before and fear of what adults fear. He mimics his family and his family in their fear of storms, darkness and demons.
4- Children’s fears arise because of what they encounter in their experiences as a result of educational mistakes that parents often commit. Firstly, there are fears that aim to protect oneself and are like a harbinger of danger on the one hand and the motive that moves a person and prepares him for escape from the harm that may befall him on the one hand. Secondly, concerns that are outside the nature of the child and arise from objective things as a result of his contact with supervisors for his care and growth, that growth that requires the submission of behavior in all manifestations to regular rules that lead to a regular social life.
5- It is difficult for parents to stand on every experience that may be a source of fear for their children, but we can say: Parents who gain the confidence of their children can stand on the fears of their children almost as soon as they feel them. It is prudent to protect the child from experiences that inspire fear in himself and if they occur, he must work hard to eliminate these fears as soon as possible.
In order to prevent excessive fear, it is necessary to observe the general and correct rules in raising a child, especially with regard to providing his basic requirements and needs of love, affection, a sense of reassurance and safety, and giving him the freedom to act in some of his affairs and to assume responsibilities commensurate with his growth and stages of development without frightening him or even suggesting fear to him except in Some things that he should be warned about and alerted to, away from mockery, reproach or rudeness, and by convincing that the thing he fears is not frightening and harmless.
The practical and feasible plan is to give the child a feeling of reassurance, protection, respect and confidence, and make him more vulnerable to the thing that frightens him. His fear if he sees other children, they are not afraid of something he is afraid of, but rather they play in it like dolls that represent animals, for example, and this is what helps him to adapt and gradually remove fear.
And the general rule is that some children get rid of their fears and overcome them even if we do not help them This is because the child – as he gets older – begins to understand things better and looks different to his eyes than before, which ultimately reduces the threat to him. But if the child cannot Overcoming these fears in a timely manner and for any reason, then the intervention must be made to help him get rid of them. In this regard, we must emphasize that the good treatment of parents and their handling of matters is an essential and useful thing for the child and ridding him of his fears. Phobia or phobia It is appropriate to look for specialists to provide help and help in solving the problem.