June 14, 2021

RESEARCH TYPES

THE RESEARCH TYPE IS ADOPTED ACCORDING THE NEEDS OF RESEARCH,COMMONLY WE USE THE RESEARCH

EXPLORATORY,

DESCRIPTIVE,

EXPLANATORY.”

ACCORDING TO BROTHERTON, HE SAYS

” RESEARCH COMES IN THREE FLAVORS: EXPLORATORY, DESCRIPTIVE, AND EXPLANATORY.”

EXPLORATORY RESEARCH.

EXPLORATORY RESEARCH OBVIOUSLY AIMS TO EXPLORE. TYPICALLY WE WANT TO EXPLORE A CERTAIN SUBJECT MATTER ABOUT WHICH WE KNOW NOTHING OR VERY LITTLE. THAT IS WHY PEOPLE EXPLORE.

WE WANT TO SURFACE THE KEY ISSUES FROM THE SUBJECT AND FORM A BASIC UNDERSTANDINGAS A STARTING POINT FOR FURTHER RESEARCH. AS A RESULT, EXPLORATORY RESEARCH IS USUALLY QUITE QUALITATIVE BECAUSE IN

AN EXPLORATORY PHASE THERE IS NO NEED TO BE PRECISE OR ACCURATE AND THAT IS WHY QUANTITATIVE METHODS ARE USUALLY NOT YET APPLICABLE AT THIS POINT.

DESCRIPTIVE RESEARCH.

DESCRIPTIVE RESEARCH MEANING TO DESCRIBE. WE PERFORM DESCRIPTIVE RESEARCH ON THE SUBJECT MATTERS ABOUT WHICH WE ALREADY KNOW SOMETHING, ABOUT WHICH WE ALREADY HAVE A CERTAIN LEVEL OF UNDERSTANDING BUT WE WANT TO KNOW MORE.

WE WANT TO BE MORE ACCURATE AND PRECISION OUR KNOWLEDGE OF IT. WE WANT TO DESCRIBE IT BETTER AND WITH MORE ACCURACY OR MORE DEPTH. THAT IS WHY WE WANT TO PERFORM DESCRIPTIVE STUDIES.

BECAUSE THE GOAL HERE IS TO DEVELOP BETTER AND MORE ACCURATE UNDERSTANDINGOF SOMETHING, DESCRIPTIVE STUDIES ARE GENERALLY SPEAKING QUANTITATIVE. IT CAN BE QUALITATIVE THOUGH IN SOME CASES.

EXPLANATORY RESEARCH.

THE THIRD AND FINAL RESEARCH TYPE ACCORDING TO BROTHERTON IS EXPLANATORY RESEARCH DEPENDING ON WHAT LITERATURE YOU READ, THIS RESEARCH TYPE IS ALSO SOMETIMES REFERRED TO AS CAUSAL RESEARCH OR PREDICTIVE RESEARCH.

THERE ARE SOME SLIGHT DIFFERENCES AMONG THEM BUT WE’RE NOT GOING TO HAIR SPLIT HERE. FOR THE PURPOSE OF THIS LITTLE PRESENTATION, THE GENERAL IDEA OF THIS TYPE OF RESEARCH IS TO LOOK AT CAUSE AND EFFECT RELATIONSHIPS. IN OTHER WORDS, HOW AND WHY WOULD ONE THING CAUSE SOMETHING ELSE TO OCCUR OR CHANGE.

THIS TYPE OF RESEARCH IS DIFFICULT TO PERFORM BECAUSE of CAUSALITY IS DIFFICULT TO ESTABLISH AND CAN USUALLY ONLY BE INFERRED. AND DUE TO THE NUMBER OF POTENTIAL PREDICTOR VARIABLES THAT ARE ALSO SOMEHOW RELATED TO THE DEPENDENT VARIABLE,

IT IS DIFFICULT TO ESTABLISH CAUSALITY WITH ONE HUNDRED PERCENT CERTAINTY. BUT NEVERMIND THAT, LETS SAY FOR NOW THAT EXPLANATORY RESEARCH IS THE KIND OF RESEARCH THAT AIMS TO EXPLAIN CAUSAL RELATIONSHIPS AMONGST VARIABLES.

Best wishes for you dear students.

“Successful and unsuccessful people do not vary greatly in their abilities. They vary in their desires to reach their potential.” – John Maxwell

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