March 7, 2021

Action Research, Scientific research steps.

Action Research

Teaching is a craft. It’s both an art and a science, which is why great teachers always experiment and make tons of mistakes. But how do you know what’s actually working? Well, one option is Action research. Here you can identify a question, test out a strategy, gather data, and determine if it works. The end result is something dynamic, innovative, and tied directly to your classroom.

Action research dissolves the barrier between the participants and the researchers. In other words, the teacher actively participates in the situation while also conducting the research. There are many action research frameworks but they generally follow a similar process. You start out in Phase One:

Planning for Action Research.

Here you begin with an inquiry, where you define a specific research question. It needs to be something that can actually be tested.

literature review

Next, you conduct a literature review to gain a deeper understanding of the topic.

Research Design.

Finally, you move into the design process where you determine your data methods.

Consider ethical issues. Get the required permissions.

Create deadlines and set up the systems.

Next, you move into the action phase. This is where you engage in multiple cycles of experimentation and data collection. Your data collection might include qualitative data (like observations artifacts and interviews) or quantitative data (like rubric score surveys or achievement data).


After this, you move to analysis. You’ll often start by organizing the data with charts or graphs and looking for specific trends. You might also discuss it with peers, free write in a journal, or create a cluster map before eventually writing out your results.


Finally, you have your conclusion. This is where you share your research with the world and reflect on your own practice. This will ultimately lead to newer questions and the cycle will continue as you refine your craft as a better, more creative, teacher.

Steps of Scientific methods

The steps of the scientific Research method is a systematic way to find answers to questions or problems

Identify the problem in Scientific Research.

what would you like to know problems are written in the form of a question


The Scientific research can be in the form of looking on the internet talking to other people reading scientific books magazines etc

Formation a hypothesis.

A hypothesis is an educated guess the hypothesis should be based on research or life experience

Design and Experiment

The experiment should be designed to test the hypothesis and during the experiment observations are used to collect measurable data the experiment will include three variables

first variable is the independent variable it is the part of the experiment that you change to see how it affects the dependent variable

the independent variable is always graphed on the x-axis

the dependent variable is the part of the experiment that changes in response to the independent variable the dependent the variable is always graphed on the y-axis and then you have control variables these are variables that should be held constant and are used for comparing in addition a large sample size increases the accuracy of the experiment and results and many times you need to repeat the experiment several times to ensure against errors that may be introduced


This is the information that you have gathered

Quantitative Data

Quantitative data is data that is numbered many times it is recorded on charts tables and graphs.

Qualitative data

Qualitative data includes illustrations and photographs and this is data that is observed.


The conclusion and during the conclusion, you give a summary of the overall results and you state whether or not you accept or reject your hypothesis and then describe if there’s any practical application to what you have learned.

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